Mayflower Passengers

Wikipedia reference for the names that follow

 

The Mayflower set sail from Plymouth Harbor in England on September 6, 1620 with 102 passengers and a crew 30 or so men bound for Virginia Colony in the Americas. They hoped to reach the English settlement of Jamestown, but were forced to drop anchor instead on November 11, 1620 in what today is Provincetown Harbor in Cape Cod Bay in the then unsettled wilderness of Massachusetts, more than 400 miles north of Jamestown. They relocated a few days later to a better site on the opposite (west) side of the bay, where they disembarked on December 21, 1620 at Plymouth Rock to found the Plymouth Colony, which became the second successful English settlement in North America. These are the storied Pigrims, who in 1621, following their first successful harvest, celebrated what some regard as the first Thanksgiving Day, probably about the time of the September 29 feast day of Michelmas. A list of these settlers follows.

Note: An asterisk* following a name indicates someone who died during the winter of 162021. There were also five passengers who died during the voyage.

Members of the Leiden, Holland Congregation

  1. Allerton, Isaac (possibly Suffolk). He died between February 1st and 12th, 1658/9.
    • Mary (Norris) Allerton*, wife (Newbury, Berkshire)
    • Bartholomew Allerton, 7, son (Leiden, Holland). He moved back to England where he died in 1658.
    • Remember Allerton, 5, daughter (Leiden). She had seven children, and died between September 12, 1652, and October 22, 1656
    • Mary Allerton, 3, daughter (Leiden). She had at least 50 grandchildren, and died on November 28, 1699 as the last surviving Mayflower passenger.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "Mr. Isaac Allerton and Mary his wife, with three children, Bartholomew, Remember and Mary. And a servant boy John Hooke."
  2. Bradford, William (Austerfield, Yorkshire). He had several children and died on May 9, 1657.
    • Dorothy (May) Bradford*, wife (Wisbech, Cambridgeshire).
    Bradford (1650) writes, "William Bradford and Dorothy his wife, having but one child, a son left behind who came afterward."
  3. Brewster, William (possibly Nottingham). He died on April 10, 1644
    • Mary Brewster, wife. Little else is known of her.
    • Love/Truelove Brewster, 9, son (Leiden). He had four children and died between 6 October 1650 and 31 January 1650/1.
    • Wrestling Brewster, 6, son (Leiden). He died unmarried before the 1644 settlement of his father's estate.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "Mr. William Brewster, Mary, his wife, with two sons, whose names were Love and Wrestling. And a boy was put to him called Richard More, and another of his brothers. The rest of his children were left behind and came over afterwards."
  4. Carver, John (possibly Yorkshire). He and his wife have no known surviving descendants.
    • Katherine (Leggett) (White) Carver, wife (probably Sturton-le-Steeple, Nottinghamshire).
    Bradford (1650) writes, "Mr. John Carver, Katherine his wife, Desire Minter, and two manservants, John Howland, Roger Wilder. William Latham, a boy, and a maidservant and a child that was put to him called Jasper More."
  5. Chilton, James* (Canterbury, Kent) - bio
    • Mrs. (James) Chilton*, wife.
    • Mary Chilton, 13, daughter (Sandwich, Kent). She married John Winslow, the brother of fellow Mayflower passenger Edward Winslow. She died about April of 1679, and has many descendants.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "James Chilton and his wife, and Mary their daughter; they had another daughter that was married, came afterward."
  6. Cooke, Francis. He had seven children, with his wife and younger children joining him after the Mayflower voyage. He died on April 7, 1663.
    • John Cooke, 13, son (Leiden). The eldest son.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "Francis Cooke and his son John; but his wife and other children came afterwards."
  7. Cooper, Humility, 1, (probably Leiden) baby daughter of Robert Cooper, in company of her aunt Ann Cooper Tilley, wife of Edward Tilley. She returned to England where she probably died unmarried sometime before 1651 - bio.
  8. Bradford (1650) mentions Humility Cooper with Edward Tilley and his family.
  9. Crackstone/Crackston, John* (possibly Colchester, Essex) - bio
    • John Crackstone, son. He had no children and died sometime after 1627.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "John Crackston and his son John Crackston."
  10. Fletcher, Moses* (Sandwich, Kent) - bio
  11. Bradford (1650) writes, "Moses Fletcher, John Goodman, Thomas Williams, Digory Priest, Edmund Margesson, Peter Browne, Richard Britteridge, Richard Clarke, Richard Gardiner, Gilbert Winslow."
  12. Fuller, Edward* (Redenhall, Norfolk) - bio
    • Mrs. (Edward) ____Fuller*, wife.
    • Samuel Fuller, 12, son. He had nine children, but several died young. He died on 31 October 1683.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "Edward Fuller and his wife, and Samuel their son."
  13. Fuller, Samuel (Redenhall, Norfolk), (brother to Edward). He had several children and died between August 9 and September 26, 1633.
  14. Bradford (1650) writes, "Mr. Samuel Fuller and a servant called William Button. His wife was [left] behind, and a child which came afterwards."
  15. Goodman, John (possibly Northampton).
  16. Bradford (1650) mentions John Goodman with Moses Flrtcher and several others.
  17. Priest, Degory* - bio
  18. Bradford (1650) mentions Degory Priest with Moses Fletcher and several others.
  19. Rogers, Thomas* (Watford, Northamptonshire) - bio
    • Joseph Rogers, 17, son (Watford, Northamptonshire).
    Bradford (1650) writes, "Thomas Rogers and Joseph his son; his other children came afterwards."
  20. Samson, Henry, 16, (Henlow, Bedfordshire) child in company of his uncle and aunt Edward and Ann Tilley. He had several children and died on December 24, 1684.
  21. Bradford (1650) mentions Henry Samson with Edward Tilley and his family.
  22. Tilley, Edward* (Henlow, Bedfordshire) - bio - bio
    • Ann (Cooper) Tilley* (Henlow, Bedfordshire) wife of Edward and aunt of Humilty Cooper and Henry Samson.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "Edward Tilley and Ann his wife, and two children that were their cousins, Henry Sampson and Humility Cooper."
  23. Tilley, John* (Henlow, Bedfordshire) - bio
    • Joan (Hurst) (Rogers) Tilley*, wife (Henlow, Bedfordshire).
    • Elizabeth Tilley, 13, daughter (Henlow, Bedfordshire). She married fellow Mayflower passenger John Howland. Because of their many children, she and her husband have millions of living descendants today. She died on December 21, 1687.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "John Tilley and his wife, and Elizabeth their daughter."
  24. Tinker, Thomas* (possibly Norfork) - bio
    • Mrs. Thomas Tinker*, wife.
    • boy Tinker*, son, died in the winter of 1620.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "Thomas Tinker and his wife and a son."
  25. Turner, John* (possibly Norfork) - bio
    • boy Turner*, son, died in the winter of 1620.
    • boy Turner*, younger son. died in the winter of 1620.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "John Turner and two sons; he had a daughter came some years after to Salem, where she is now living."
  26. White, William* William White's sister Bridget was John Robinson's wife. John Robinson was Pastor of the Pilgrim Fathers leading the Separatists since his days at college at Cambridge - bio
    • Susanna White, wife, widowed February 21, 1621. She subsequently married fellow Mayflower passenger Edward Winslow. She had several children ND died between December 18, 1654 and July 2, 1675.
    • Resolved White, 5, son, wife was Judith Vassal. He had several children and died sometime after September 19, 1687.
    • Peregrine White, son. Born on board the Mayflower in Cape Cod Harbor in late November 1620, he was the first European born to the Pilgrims in America. He had several children, and died on July 20, 1704.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "Mr. William White and Susanna his wife and one son called Resolved, and one born a-shipboard called Peregrine, and two servants named William Holbeck and Edward Thompson."
  27. Williams, Thomas
  28. Bradford (1650) mentions Thomas Williams with Moses Fletcher and several others.
  29. Winslow, Edward (Droitwich, Worcestershire). He had several children with his second wife Elizabeth Tilley (fellow Mayflower passenger above), and died on 8 May 1655.
    • Elizabeth (Barker) Winslow, wife. She died on March 24, 1621. There was one child presumably born in Leiden to her and Edward named named Margaret Winslow (Aft. c. 16181655), of whom little is known.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "Mr. Edward Winslow, Elizabeth his wife and two menservants called George Soule and Elias Story; also a little girl was put to him called Ellen, the sister of Richard More."

Servants of the Leiden Congregation

  1. Butten, William*, (possibly Nottingham) age: "a youth", indentured servant of Samuel Fuller, died during the voyage. He was the first passenger to die on November 16, three days before Cape Cod was sighted. His burial place is unknown he might have been buried at sea or after reaching Cape Cod, buried ashore there in an unmarked grave, as would soon after be the fate of Ellen More and her brother Jasper. Graves were unmarked to prevent Indians from knowing of their company's deaths and from disturbing the bodies.
  2. --?--, Dorothy, teenager, maidservant of John Carver.
  3. Hooke, John*, (probably Norwich, Norfolk) age 13, apprenticed to Isaac Allerton, died during the first winter.
  4. Howland, John, (Fenstanton, Huntingdonshire), about 21, manservant and executive assistant for Governor John Carver.
  5. Latham, William, (possibly Lancashire), age 11, servant/apprentice to the John Carver family. He had several children and died on February 23, 1672/3.
  6. Minter, Desire, (Norwich, Norfolk), a servant of John Carver whose parents died in Leiden.
  7. More, Ellen (Elinor)*, Shipton, Shropshire), age 8, assigned as a servant of Edward Winslow. She died from illness sometime in November 1620 soon after the arrival of Mayflower in Cape Cod harbor and likely was buried ashore there in an unmarked grave.
  8. More, Jasper*, (Shipton, Shropshire), age 7, indentured to John Carver. He died from illness on board Mayflower on December 6, 1620 and likely was buried ashore on Cape Cod in an unmarked grave.
  9. More, Mary*, (Shipton, Shropshire), age 6, assigned as a servant of William Brewster. She died sometime in the winter of 1620/1621. Her burial place is unknown, but may have been on Cole's Hill in Plymouth in an unmarked grave as with so many others buried there that winter. As with her sister Ellen, she is recognized on the Pilgrim Memorial Tomb in Plymouth, misidentified after her sister's name as "and a brother (children)" the statement of calling her "a brother" mistakenly coming from William Bradford's failing memory years after the event of her death.
  10. More, Richard, (Shipton, Shropshire), age 6, indentured to William Brewster. Richard More is buried in what was known as the Charter Street Burial Ground but is now the Burying Point/Charter Street Cemetery in Salem, Massachusetts. He is the only Mayflower passenger to have his gravestone still where it was originally placed sometime in the mid-1690s. Also buried nearby in the same cemetery were his two wives, Christian Hunter More and Jane (Crumpton) More. He had several children and died between March 19, 1693/4 and April 20, 1696.
  11. Soule, George, (possibly Bedforshire), 2125, servant or employee of Edward Winslow. He had several children, and died between 20 September 1677 and 22 January 1679.
  12. Story, Elias*, age under 21, in the care of Edward Winslow.
  13. Thompson/Thomson, Edward*, age under 21, in the care of the William White family, was the first passenger to die after the Mayflower reached Cape Cod.
  14. Wilder, Roger*, age under 21, servant in the John Carver family.

Passengers recruited by Thomas Weston, of London Merchant Adventurers

  1. Billington, John (possibly Lancashire). He died on September 30, 1630, leaving his wife Eleanor and two sons.
    • Eleanor Billington, wife. She married Gregory Armstrong in September 1638 after George's death, and died sometime died after March 2, 1642/3.
    • John Billington, 16, son. He died between May 22, 1627 and his father's death in 1630
    • Francis Billington, 14, son. He had nine children, and died on December 3, 1684.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "John Billington and Ellen his wife, and two sons, John and Francis."
  2. Britteridge, Richard* (possibly Sussex).
  3. Bradford (1650) mentions Ricard Britteridge with Moses Fletcher and several others.
  4. Browne, Peter (Dorking, Surrey). He had several children, and died in 1633, sometime before October 10 of that year.
  5. Bradford (1650) mentions Peter Browne with Moses Fletcher and several others.
  6. Clarke, Richard*
  7. Bradford (1650) mentions Richard Clarke with Moses Fletcher and several others.
  8. Eaton, Francis (Bristol, Gloucestershire/Somerset). He had severl children in addition to his son Samuel below, and died in the autumn of 1633.
    • Sarah Eaton*, wife.
    • Samuel Eaton, 1, son. He had two daughters and several grandchildren and died about 1684.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "Francis Eaton and Sarah his wife, and Samuel their son, a young child."
  9. Gardiner, Richard (Harwich, Essex).
  10. Bradford (1650) mentions Richard Gardiner with Moses Fletcher and several others.
  11. Hopkins, Stephen (Upper Clatford, Hampshire). He died in June or July 1644, and has many descendants.
    • Elizabeth (Fisher) Hopkins, wife. Possibly Stephen Hopkins second wife, but she may have even been his third or fourth wife. She died when her husband Stephen wrote his will on June 6, 1644. Although her earlier children with Stephen - who were named Damaris and Oceanus - predeceased her and had no children before their passing, she and Stephen did have several other children born in Plymouth, at least two of whom had several children of their own.
    • Giles Hopkins, 12, son by first marriage (Hursley, Hampshire). He had ten children, and died between March 5, 1688/9 and April 16, 1690.
    • Constance Hopkins, 14, daughter by first marriage (Hursley, Hampshire). She had twelve children and died on 15 November 1676.
    • Damaris Hopkins, 12, daughter. She died young in Plymouth.
    • Oceanus Hopkins, was the only child born on board the Mayflower while en route to the New World. He had died by 22 May 1627.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "Mr. Stephen Hopkins and Elizabeth his wife, and two children called Giles and Constanta, a daughter, both by a former wife. And two more by this wife called Damaris and Oceanus; the last was born at sea. And two servants called Edward Doty and Edward Lester."
  12. Margesson, Edmund* (possibly Norfolk).
  13. Bradford (1650) mentions Edmund Margesson with Moses Fletcher and several others.
  14. Martin, Christopher* (Billericay, Essex) - bio
    • Mary (Prowe) Martin*, wife.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "Mr. Christopher Martin and his wife and two servants, Solomon Prower and John Langmore."
  15. Mullins, William* (Dorking, Surrey) - bio
    • Alice Mullins*, wife.
    • Priscilla Mullins, 18, daughter. She had several children, and is believed to have died a few years before the 1687 death of her husband John Alden.
    • Joseph Mullins*, 14, son.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "Mr. William Mullins and his wife and two children, Joseph and Priscilla; and a servant, Robert Carter."
  16. Rigsdale, John* (possibly Lincolnshire).
    • Alice Rigsdale*, wife.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "John Rigsdale and Alice his wife."
  17. Standish, Myles (Standish, Wigan, Lancashire). He had several children and died on October 3, 1656.
    • Rose Standish, wife. She died on January 29, 1621.
    Bradford (1650) writes, "Captain Myles Standish and Rose his wife."
  18. Warren, Richard (Hertford, England). He had several children, and died possibly sometime in 1628.
  19. Bradford (1650) writes, "Mr. Richard Warren, but his wife and children were left behind and came afterwards."
  20. Winslow, Gilbert (Droitwich, Worcestershire), brother to Pilgrim Edward Winslow but not known to have lived in Leiden.
  21. Bradford (1650) mentions Gilbert Winslow with Moses Fletcher and several others.

Servants of Merchant Adventurers passengers

  1. Carter, Robert*, (possibly Surrey), Teenager, servant or apprentice to William Mullins, shoemaker.
  2. Doty, Edward, (possibly Lincolnshire) age probably about 21, servant to Stephen Hopkins. He had several children and died on August 23, 1655.
  3. Holbeck, William*, age likely under 21, servant to William White.
  4. Langemore, John*, age under 21, servant to Christopher Martin.
  5. Leister, Edward - also spelled Leitster. (possibly vicinity of London), aged over 21, servant to Stephen Hopkins.
  6. Prowe, Solomon* (Billericay, Essex), servant to Christopher Martin.

Ship crewmen hired to stay one year

  1. John Alden was a 21-year old crewman and ship's cooper from Harwich, Essex. He was given the choice of remaining in the colony or returning to England, and he decided to remain. He married Priscilla Mullins, who was the only survivor of the Mayflower Mullins family, and they had ten children, before his death on September 12, 1687.
  2. Bradford (1650) writes, "John Alden was hired for a cooper at Southampton where the ship victualed, and being a hopeful young man was much desired but left to his own liking to go or stay when he came here; but he stayed and married here."
  3. John Allerton* was a Mayflower seaman hired as colony labor for one year. He was then to return to Leiden to assist church members with travel to America. He died sometime before the Mayflower departed for England on April 5, 1621.
  4. Bradford (1650) writes, "John Allerton and Thomas English were both hired, the latter to go master of a shallop here, and the other was reputed as one of the company but was to go back (being a seaman) for the help of others behind. But they both died here before the ship returned."
  5. ____ Ely was a Mayflower seaman contracted to stay for one year. He returned to England on the Fortune in December 1621 along with William Trevor. Dr. Jeremy Bangs believes his name was either John or Christopher Ely, or Ellis, who are documented in Leiden records.
  6. Bradford (1650) mentions Ely with William Trevore.
  7. Thomas English* was a Mayflower seaman hired to be master of the ship's shallop. He died sometime before the departure of the Mayflower for England on April 5, 1621.
  8. Bradford (1650) mentions Thomas English with John Allerton.
  9. William Trevore was a Mayflower seaman with prior New World experience hired to work in the colony for one year. He returned to England on the Fortune in December 1621 along with Ely and others. By 1650 he had returned to New England.
  10. Bradford (1650) writes, "There were also other two seamen hired to stay a year here in the country, William Trevor, and one Ely. But when their time was out they both returned."

There were 102 passengers on the Mayflower 74 men and 28 women. It appears that about 25 of these folk are possible Mayflower ancestors (shown in blue). There were also thirty or more crew, some known by name and others who are anonymous, but half of them died during the winter of 1620-21, and the rest eventually returned to England.

References

There is a Wikipedia article for the above that is based largely on the book The Mayflower and Her Passengers by Caleb Johnson (2006). One of the historic sources for Johnson's (2006) study is a List of Mayflower Passengers from the short history Of Plymouth Plantation by Mayflower passenger William Bradford (1650), who was also an early leader of the Plymouth Colony. Bradford (1650) gives "the names of those which came over first, in the year 1620, and were by the blessing of God the first beginners and in a sort the foundation of all the Plantations and Colonies in New England; and their families." He concludes the passenger list with the statement, "These being about a hundred souls, came over in this first ship and began this work, which God of His goodness hath hitherto blessed. Let His holy name have the praise."

 

 

 



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